5-Ethynyl-uridine (EU)

Cat. # Quantity Price Lead time
2439-25mg 25 mg $137 in stock
2439-100mg 100 mg $487 in stock
2439-500mg 500 mg $950 in stock
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5-Ethynyl-uridine (EU) is a commonly used molecular biology reagent for RNA synthesis studies.

EU is readily taken up by living cells and phosphorylated through the pyrimidine salvage pathway. Generated 5-ethynyluridine-5’-triphosphate is incorporated by RNA polymerases I, II, and III into de novo RNA instead of uridine, but not into DNA.

EU-labeled nascent cellular RNA can be detected quickly and with high sensitivity via click chemistry following fluorescent visualization. Alkyne group attached at the 5-position of uridine in modified RNA reacts with dye or biotin azides via Cu(I)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC).

Labeled RNA can be detected with different methods, e.g. fluorescent microscopy or flow cytometry, which allows estimating transcriptional levels in the cells.

5-Ethynyl-uridine has an advantage over its analog, 5-bromo-uridine, because azide-containing dyes are very small in size and exhibit better membrane permeability compared to antibodies used for the detection of 5-bromo-uridine. Thus, the click chemistry approach allows whole-mount staining of large samples like organs or tissue fragments.

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General properties

Appearance: off white solid
Molecular weight: 268.22
CAS number: 69075-42-9
Molecular formula: C11H12N2O6
IUPAC name: 1-((2R,3R,4S,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydrofuran-2-yl)-5-ethynylpyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione
Solubility: good in water, DMSO, DMF
Quality control: NMR 1H, HPLC-MS (95%)
Storage conditions: Storage: 24 months after receival at -20°C in the dark. Transportation: at room temperature for up to 3 weeks.
MSDS: Download
Product specifications
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