LumiTracker Mito JC-1

Cat. # Quantity Price Lead time
2275-50ug 50 ug –   in stock
2275-1mg 1 mg $110 in stock
2275-5mg 5 mg $150 in stock
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JC-1 is a cationic carbocyanine dye that accumulates in the mitochondria of live cells in a potential-dependent manner.

The dye exists as a green-fluorescent monomer at depolarized membranes and low concentrations. At higher concentrations (aqueous solutions above 0.1 µM) and hyperpolarized membranes, the dye forms J-aggregates that exhibit an emission at the orange channel. The J-aggregates can be excited at 535 nm, and the monomeric form and aggregate together — at 475 nm.

Healthy cells have high mitochondrial membrane potential, and the decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential is a marker of the early stage of apoptosis. All this allows the use of changes in the orange/green fluorescence ratio of JC-1 to determine healthy vs. depolarized mitochondria. The orange/green fluorescence ratio of JC-1 depends only on the mitochondrial membrane potential and not on other factors such as the size, shape, and density of mitochondria.

Absorption and emission spectra of JC-1

Absorption and emission spectra of JC-1

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General properties

Appearance: red-purple solid
Molecular weight: 652.24
CAS number: 47729-63-5; 3520-43-2
Molecular formula: C25H27Cl4IN4
IUPAC name: 1H-Benzimidazolium, 5,6-dichloro-2-[3-(5,6-dichloro-1,3-diethyl-1,3-dihydro-2H-benzimidazol-2-ylidene)-1-propen-1-yl]-1,3-diethyl-, iodide
Solubility: good in DMSO
Quality control: NMR 1H and HPLC-MS (95+%)
Storage conditions: 24 months after receival at -20°C in the dark. Transportation: at room temperature for up to 3 weeks. Desiccate.
MSDS: Download
Product specifications

Product citations

  1. Kirsanov, R.S.; Khailova, L.S.; Rokitskaya, T.I.; Lyamzaev, K.G.; Panteleeva, A.A.; Nazarov, P.A.; Firsov, A.M.; Iaubasarova, I.R.; Korshunova, G.A.; Kotova, E.A.; Antonenko, Y.N. Synthesis of Triphenylphosphonium-Linked Derivative of 3,5-Di tert -butyl-4-hydroxybenzylidene-malononitrile (SF6847) via Knoevenagel Reaction Yields an Effective Mitochondria-Targeted Protonophoric Uncoupler. ACS Omega, 2024, 9(10), 11551-11561. doi: 10.1021/acsomega.3c08621
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