LumiPure DNA Gel Extraction Kit manual
The kit allows rapid (about 20 minutes) and efficient (OD260/OD280>1.8) purification of DNA fragments from agarose gels or enzymatic reactions. Spin columns supplied with the kit enable purification of up to 5 µg of DNA 70 bp–10 kb in size, and the recovery of the purified DNA comes up to 85–95 %. The purified DNA is suitable for any subsequent application, such as PCR, restriction enzyme digestion, ligation and transformation, labeling, Southern blotting, sample preparation for Sanger sequencing and NGS, etc.
10 preps (5 µg)
50 preps (5 µg)
|K3450, Gel Solubilization Buffer, 10 mL||1||—|
|H2450, Wash Solution A (with GuHCl), 6 mL||1||—|
|S3450, Gel Solubilization Buffer, 50 mL||—||1|
|P2450, Wash Solution A (with GuHCl), 30 mL||—||1|
|D1450, Neutralization Buffer, 2 mL||1||1|
|K2250, Wash Solution B (Concentrate to be diluted 5x with ethanol 96%), 10.0 mL||1||1|
|D1350, Elution Buffer (10 mM Tris-HCl, pH 8.5), 1.5 mL||1||2|
|DNA purification spin column (up to 5 µg)||10||50|
|Collection tube for spin column, 2 mL||10||50|
Store at room temperature.
Shelf life 12 months.
Equipment and reagents supplied by user:
- 96 % ethanol (the necessary volume is equal to 4 volumes of the Wash Solution B concentrate supplied with the kit)
- Isopropanol (about 100 µL for DNA purification from 1 typical sample)
- 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tubes (2 tubes for DNA purification from 1 sample)
- microcentrifuge with rotor for 1.5 mL tubes and capable of centrifuging >10,000 RPM (6700 × g)
- heating block (alternatively, a water bath can be used)
- laboratory balance with a precision of at least 0.01 g
- Dilute the Wash Solution B concentrate 5× with 96 % ethanol (add 4 volumes of 96 % ethanol to 1 volume of concentrate specified on the bottle). Mark on the label that ethanol has been added.
- If any precipitate has formed in Gel Solubilization Buffer or Wash Solution A, incubate solutions at a temperature not higher than 50 °C until the precipitates have been completely dissolved.
DNA fragment extraction from the gel
- Set a heating block to 50 °С.
- Excise a gel slice containing the DNA fragment with a clean scalpel or razor blade. Minimize the size of the gel slice by cutting as close to the DNA as possible. ! Reduce UV exposure of the gel slice containing the DNA fragment or keep the gel slice on a glass or plastic plate during UV illumination. This minimizes DNA damage induced by UV light.
- Weigh a clean 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tube and tare the balance. Place the gel slice into an equivalent clean 1.5 mL tube and weigh. Record the weight of the gel slice.
- Add 4 µL of Gel Solubilization Buffer to every mg of agarose gel (4+1) (e.g., add 400 µL of Gel Solubilization Buffer to a gel slice with a weight of 100 mg). ! When working with multiple samples — gel slices containing DNA fragments — it is convenient to add to all samples the same volume of Gel Solubilization Buffer calculated for the biggest gel slice.
- Incubate the tube at 50 °C for 10 min with occasional mixing by inversion (1–2 times) until the gel slice is completely dissolved. ! For gels with an agarose content greater than 2 %, increase the incubation time until the gel slice has completely dissolved.
- After the gel slice has dissolved completely, check that the color of the mixture is yellow. If the color of the mixture is violet, add 5 µL of Neutralization Buffer to every 1000 µL of the DNA sample. The color of the mixture will turn to yellow. The Gel Solubilization Buffer contains a color pH indicator allowing easy monitoring of the pH value optimal for DNA binding to the column membrane. Violet color indicates that the solution is too alkaline. In this case Neutralization Buffer should be added to adjust the pH value for efficient DNA binding.
- Add 1 µL of isopropanol to every mg of solubilized agarose gel (e.g., add 100 µL of isopropanol to 100 mg solubilized gel slice). Mix thoroughly.
All centrifugation steps are carried out at room temperature, at 10,000–13,000 RPM (6700–11,000 x g).
- Place a spin column in a collection tube. Add the sample to the column (to a maximum of 900 µL per single load). Centrifuge the column for 30 seconds. Discard the flow-through and place the column back into the same collection tube. For sample volumes exceeding 900 µL load the remainder and repeat the procedure.
- Add 500 µL of Wash Solution A, centrifuge the column for 30 seconds. Discard the flow-through and place the column back into the same collection tube.
- Add 500 µL of Wash Solution B, centrifuge the column for 3 minutes. Discard the collection tube with the flow-through.
- Place the spin column into a clean 1.5 mL microcentrifuge tube. Add 10–50 µL of Elution Buffer to the center of the spin column membrane. Incubate at room temperature for 1 minute. Centrifuge the column for 1 minute. The microcentrifuge tube contains the purified DNA. ! For increased DNA concentrations, use a low volume of Elution Buffer. Elution with volumes of less than 10 µL is not recommended because this can be insufficient to entirely wet the membrane resulting in low DNA recovery. For increased DNA yield, use a higher volume of Elution Buffer (50 µL). ! If necessary, the DNA can be eluted with deionized water.
DNA fragment purification from enzymatic reactions
- Add 4 volumes of Gel Solubilization Buffer to 1 volume of the reaction sample (e.g., add 400 µL of Gel Solubilization Buffer to 100 µL of the reaction sample). Mix thoroughly.
- Check that the color of the mixture is yellow. If the color of the mixture is violet, add 5 µL of Neutralization Buffer to every 1000 µL of the DNA sample. The color of the mixture will turn to yellow. The Gel Solubilization Buffer contains a color pH indicator allowing easy monitoring of the pH value optimal for DNA binding to the column membrane. Violet color indicates that the solution is too alkaline. In this case Neutralization Buffer should be added to adjust the pH value for efficient DNA binding.
- Add 1 volume of isopropanol to 1 volume of the initial reaction solution (e.g., add 100 µL of isopropanol to 100 µL of the initial reaction solution that was mixed with 400 µL of Gel Solubilization Buffer). Mix thoroughly.
- Proceed with the protocol «DNA purification» above.
When measuring the DNA concentration, dilute the sample only with TE buffer pH 8.5 or Elution Buffer supplied with the kit. Otherwise, DNA concentration and purity (OD260 and OD260/OD280, respectively) can be estimated incorrectly.
Storage of purified DNA: for long-term storage −20 °C, for short‑term storage +4 °С.
|Cat. #||Quantity||Price||Lead time||Buy this product|
|13793||10 preps (5 µg)||–||in stock|
|15793||10 preps (20 µg)||–||in stock|
|23793||50 preps (5 µg)||$65.00||in stock|
|25793||50 preps (20 µg)||$65.00||in stock|